Soil Improvement

Soil is the most precious material on earth. It is over 5,000 kilometres to the centre of the earth, yet all plant, animal and human life must obtain their sustenance from the uppermost 20 to 40 centimeters of the earths crust, this is the layer we call Topsoil.
Healthy fertile soil should be a complex mix of Humus and fine rock particles, rich in minerals, teeming with bacteria, worms, insects, fungi, algae and yeasts.

Continuous heavy cropping of fertile soils without adding fresh humus will result in a tired worn out soil, devoid of life which will suffer from erosion during heavy rainfall, and will turn to dust and blow away in dry windy weather.

Of course it is possible to grow crops on poor soils by adding chemical nutrients from a fertilizer bag. The resulting crop will be subject to plant diseases, with human food plants having a bitter and inferior flavour.

Adding worms to the soil is the answer

Lawn

The most obvious effect of having large numbers of worms in Garden, Agricultural or Horticultural soils is the improved growth of all plants when compared to soils with low worm populations. Worms improve the structure and aeration of soil due to their constant burrowing. During the burrowing process they are ingesting large quantities of soil, small sand particles and organic matter, mixing and blending together these fractions, and depositing the mixed materials as worm castings on the surface with Lobworms (Lumbricus Terrestris) or just below the surface with our Blue Nose Worms (Eisenia Hortensis). It is the Mixing, Blending, and Burrowing, that greatly improves the soils drainage, at the same time increasing the aeration and water holding capacity.

The Lobworm (Lumbricus Terrestris) is the most appropriate species for soil improvement as these large worms are capable of working very deep in the ground bringing mineral rich subsoils to the soil surface. Wonder Worms UK can supply and advise on inoculating Lobworms into soils, be it a back garden or 1,000 acre farm. Lobworms would also be the best species if land reclamation is the objective, as they can survive in a soil with a fairly low level of humus.

Worm Castings

Blue Nose Worms can also breed and thrive in a soil environment, however to maintain populations they must be provided with a regular supply of aerobically composted material, any of the wastes mentioned in the foods section of this website will do. Blue Nose Worms will feed on this compost and deposit their worm castings exactly where your plants need it, subsurface in the root zone. Blue Nose Worms would be the best species to use for improving and maintaining soil fertility, especially if supplies of compost are available. Blue Nose Worms are much cheaper to buy and breed considerably faster than Lobworms.

Adding worm castings can improve the structure and fertility of all soil types, even on re-claimed land that has little or no Topsoil. Worm castings are water soluble and therefore have an immediate effect on plant growth. Spreading 5 cubic metres of worm castings per acre will give more benefit to impoverished soils that any quantity of raw manure, which can leech away most of its nutrients before it is available to growing plants. We have the knowledge to harness the worm’s ability to manufacture worm castings on a large scale for our impoverished soils. Our worms can take the waste products of our towns and cities, and create the fertility to feed the people of our towns and cities.

Worms and turf

Worm Beds

Rapid drainage of surface water from lawns and playing fields is a major requirement, especially with year round usage. Green keepers appreciate the benefits of a high worm population in their turf soils, with regard to drainage.
Probably the only objection is the unsightly worm castings produced by our Native Lobworms, clearly visible on the short grass of bowling and golf greens. These little mounds of castings must be removed before playing can commence each morning in spring and autumn, if left on the damp grass, the castings smear the turf leaving a spotted green until the next heavy rain washes them into the ground. This of course is only a temporary solution as the castings will be back again after the next mild wet night. Gardeners and groundsmen have spent small fortunes on various worm killing chemicals over the years, with varying degrees of success. Reducing the populations of Lobworms (Lumbricus Terrestris) and replacing them with our Blue Nose Worms would solve the casting problem. Another characteristic of our Blue Nose Worms is its habit of tunnelling mostly in the top 6” of soil, depositing their worm castings exactly where they are required in the root zone of the grass. Wonder Worms UK can supply and give advice regarding the removal of Lobworms and re-stocking with Blue Nose Worms.

Fully featured in our training DVD and manual